By Alejandro A. Tagliavini
Right or left, in the end it doesn’t matter. The dilemma Ortega or Somoza demonstrates that, those who use violence against who they qualify as violent, have an attitude of pure envy, deep down they are the same only that they want to be the protagonists. Like the Castros, who hated Batista because he lived as they wanted and, in the end they succeeded, no matter that in the middle they have killed and impoverished people. As the second world war that was made to “end the tyrannies” but, strictly speaking, served to consolidate another worse, that of Stalin, the great winner.
Violence is clearly irrational, those who use it (always “in self-defense” nobody, neither from the left nor from the right, will admit anything else) they do it by primitive impulses, never for logical reasons, since science has demonstrated conclusively that the efficient methods of defense are the peaceful ones, while violence only produces reactions of equal magnitude, although in the opposite direction.
Anastasio Somoza García, founder of a dynasty in Nicaragua, became president with the coup d’etat of 1937. His policy began with some touches of classical Marxism, such as promising land to the disinherited peasants and seeking considerations for the working class, in the context of the socialism of the USSR, supported by wage workers; certain features of liberalism and, finally, an unmistakable touch of the fascism of Italy represented in the well-known Reaction Group or Blue Shirts.
Like every politician, once in power, he forgot his principles and intensified his collusion with the business class, which he benefited from and with whom he shared his business, relying on the repressive force of his National Guard. Two lines opposed Somocism, the attitude of indefatigable criticism of Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, director of La Prensa, and the violent guerrilla fighter Sandinista Liberation Front (FSLN) that was born in the 1960s until taking power in Managua, in 1979.
The “commander” of the FSLN, Daniel Ortega, demonstrating that he only envied and wanted to emulate his “enemy” Somoza, is the current “record man” of the Latin American presidents, adding 17 years in front of Nicaragua (from 1985 to 1990 and from 2007 to today). The former Sandinista guerrilla fighter surpassed his ally Morales for three years, leading Bolivia for almost 14, before his recent departure.
Since April 2018, students – as in Chile, although in the opposite direction – took to the streets to protest against social security reform and, perhaps, this has not been the best method to combat Orteguist tyranny, anyway the repression of the Sandinist police and paramilitary forces has killed at least 325 people.
“A humanitarian act is not a crime!” Protested Silvio José Báez, auxiliary bishop of Managua who was transferred to Rome by order of Pope Francis to prevent him from being attacked. The churches of Nicaragua have become a symbol of resistance against Ortega. The doors of the temples have been opened and some priests are considered heroes for supporting the young people who began protests against the Orteguist regime. Ironically, the government accuses opponents of “terrorists”. “There are things, Cid, that could make the stones speak”, said Alfonso VI to Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar.
* Member of the Advisory Board of the Center on Global Prosperity, of Oakland, California